Sök publikationer

Använd sökfunktionen för publikationer för att söka efter titlar eller ämnen, exempelvis anti-dumpning, globala värdekedjor eller tjänstedirektivet.

Publications in English

  1. Mars 2015 | Rapporter | English

    How Cross-Border Movement of Persons Facilitates Trade

    The Case of Swedish Exports

    Rapporten analyserar sambandet mellan internationell personrörlighet - främst arbetskraftsinvandring - och utrikeshandel. Kommerskollegium visar att det finns ett positivt samband mellan personrörlighet från ett visst land och Sveriges export till det landet. Enligt kollegiets beräkningar är rekryteringen av ytterligare en person från ett visst land förknippat med en genomsnittlig ökning för företaget av tjänsteexporten till det landet med sex procent och varuexporten med fyra procent.

  2. Mars 2015 | Rapporter | English

    Trade Costs of Visas and Work Permits

    A Trade Facilitation Perspective on Movement of Persons

    För att säkra en fungerande handel måste personer kunna röra sig över gränser lika väl som varor, tjänster och kapital. Kostnader och krångel för visum och arbetstillstånd kan öka kostnader i handlande företag, göra att leveranser försenas, och ibland även att kunder och kontrakt går förlorade.

    Rapporten kartlägger "typiska" kostnader för visum och arbetstillstånd i Sverige och effekter på företagens verksamhet av osäkerhet och förseningar i ansökningsprocesserna. Effekterna visar sig vara större på företag som handlar mycket med tjänster, som ingår i globala värdekedjor och vars produktion är beroende av specialiserad kompetens. Dessutom är företag som är små eller nya på marknaden relativt mer känsliga för kostnader och byråkrati.

  3. Mars 2015 | Rapporter | English

    No Transfer, No Production

    – a Report on Cross-border Data Transfers, Global Value Chains, and the Production of Goods

    Varutillverkning är beroende av dataöverföringar, inte minst när produktionen är utspridd i olika länder (i så kallade globala värdekedjor). Produktionsprocessen är idag digitaliserad men kommer att bli ännu mer digital inom den närmsta framtiden. Detta kommer att leda till ökade dataöverföringsbehov. Att hindra gränsöverskridande dataöverföringar kan påverka effektiv varuproduktion och påverka företagens beslut om var produktion ska ske.

  4. September 2014 | Rapporter | English

    Making Green Trade Happen

    Environmental Goods and Indispensable Services

    In July 2014, the EU and a number of WTO member countries initiated negotiations on how to facilitate global trade regarding products which benefit the environment. So far, the discussion has focused on eliminating tariffs on so-called environmental goods. This study shows that in order to truly facilitate trade in environmental goods, barriers to trade in services need to also be removed. This is because companies selling environmental goods also usually sell a number of services related to such environmental goods. Often, customers demand a package solution that includes both goods and services. The report identifies a number of services indispensable to trade in environmental goods. Examples of such services include installation services, technical testing and user customisation. The report argues that the countries should negotiate about both the liberalisation of trade in environmental goods, as well as trade in services indispensable to environmental goods.

    The report is based on interviews with companies that export and import environmental goods.

  5. Maj 2014 | Rapporter | English

    Moving to Sweden

    Obstacles to the Free Movement of EU Citizens

    Citizens of the European Union (EU) have the right to visit, work, study and retire in other member states. The free movement of persons becomes more important for commerce as production assumes a more specialized and internationalized nature. Production can depend on fast access to the skills and expertise of a few specialists, and it should therefore be easy for them to move between production sites and customers in different member states.

    In this report the Swedish National Board of Trade focuses on the situation of EU citizens who want to move and work in Sweden. While in many ways, it is easy to live in Sweden as an EU citizen, obstacles still remain that need to be overcome. The report is an edited version of a 2013 report in Swedish: Att flytta till Sverige - hinder för den fria rörligheten för EU-medborgare.

  6. April 2014 | Rapporter | English

    World Trade in the 21st Century

    In this report, the National Board of Trade summarises important trends that challenge conventional wisdom with respect to international trade. The report is based on previous analysis by the National Board of Trade and it describes:

    1. how production increasingly takes place in international networks
    2. the increased service content of trade - so called "servicification"
    3. the digitalisation of international trade

    Digitalisation is probably the most important of these three trends. On the one hand, it gives rise to completely new types of trade. On the other hand, it paves the way for servicification and further specialisation within international production networks.

  7. Januari 2014 | Rapporter | English

    No Transfer, No Trade

    -The Importance of Cross-Border Data Transfers for Companies Based in Sweden

    Today, business and trade is totally dependent on data flows – data that has to be moved in order to make trade happen and for efficient running of companies. The world has gone digital. The possibility for companies, organisations, governments and individuals to move and share data is a precondition for this. While creating enormous opportunities, the digital age also raises important concerns, including the protection of personal information. With this report, we hope to improve the understanding of the issue of data transfers, especially how companies use data transfers as part of their everyday trade and thus how data protection and regulations affect their business opportunities.

  8. November 2013 | Rapporter | English

    Global Value Chains and Developing Countries

    An Introduction

    Över hälften av världshandeln är idag handel med insatsvaror och insatstjänster. Innan en färdig produkt når sin slutkund har komponeter och delkomponenter passerat flera gränser. Handelshinder blir på så sätt än mer handelsstörande, eftersom de drabbar en och samma produkt flera gånger. För att utvecklingsländer ska kunna delta i den internationella handeln som den ser ut idag, är det avgörande att de förenklar gränspassagen av varor.

  9. November 2013 | Rapporter | English

    Eliminating Anti-Dumping Measures in Regional Trade Agreements

    The European Union Example

    In recent years, the number of regional trade agreements has proliferated. The great majority, about 90 per cent, of the regional trade agreements allow member countries to use anti-dumping measures against one another. Due to the fact that about 75 per cent of all regional trade agreements include provisions on competiton rules, it may be possible to replace anti-dumping measures with competition rules if there is emphasis placed on this during the trade negotiations.

    This report argues that the inclusion of competition rules and other forms of policy harmonisation between member countries is a possible substitute for the use of anti-dumping measures in regional trade agreements. The possibility of replacing anti-dumping measures with competition rules and other relevant harmonisation provisions should be considered by the EU and other countries in future regional trade agreements. Regional trade agreements could, for example, establish a common competition authority in order to render the provisions on competition meaningful.

  10. November 2013 | Rapporter | English

    Effects on Trade and Competition of Abolishing Anti-Dumping Measures

    The European Union Experience

    The European Union (EU) is one of the few regional trade agreements where the anti-dumping measures that were in place have been abolished between the member states as they are integrated. In addition, the EU is one of the few regional trade agreements that have established common competition rules. EU integration is, accordingly, the most relevant case to study in order to gain an understanding of the effects of abolishing anti-dumping measures and of whether 'unfair competition' is still taking place.

    The report observes that the abolition of anti-dumping measures within the EU at its enlargement in 2004 did not cause injury to the EU15's industry in terms of price undercutting and loss of market share (in a comparison between the years 2004 and 2008). The abolition of anti-dumping measures did not accelerate the alleged dumping practices of the accession countries. The level of price undercutting decreased slightly when the measures were abolished.

Kommerskollegium, Box 6803, 113 86 Stockholm.
Besöksadress: Drottninggatan 89.
Tel: 08-690 48 00     Fax: 08-30 67 59

E-post: kommersk...@kommers.se

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