For over 20 years have goods, services, capital and persons been able to move freely across the EU, at least on paper. But how does it work in practice, and how has it affected the European economy? The National Board of Trade has gathered the economic research on the subject.
The development of the free movements of goods, services, capital and persons since the launch of the single market in the early 1990s, are presented in one chapter each. The study concludes with how this, in turn, has affected European economic integration and growth.
This report is built upon our underlying literature review Economic Effects of the European Single Market – Review of the Empirical Literature.