Publications

The National Board of Trade publishes a number of reports in a wide range of trade related issues. The reports can be downloaded free of charge.

  1. Who Uses the EU’s Free Trade Agreements?

    A transaction-level analysis of the EU–South Korea free trade agreement

    The EU is currently negotiating and signing free trade agreements at an increasing pace. There is, however, a lack of knowledge on the behaviour of companies and their use of free trade agreements. This generates many assumptions and allegations that keep proliferating in the literature and in political discourses.

  2. November 2019 | Publications | English

    The trade effects of EU regional trade agreements – evidence and strategic choices

    Evidence and strategic choices

    Since negotiations to conclude the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) Doha Development Agenda stalled in 2008, the main efforts by the EU to liberalise trade have been undertaken in the context of regional trade agreements (RTAs). As a result, there has been growing interest in how effective they are in terms of stimulating trade. Another motivation for this report comes from the observation that almost all positive welfare effects related to trade agreements require more economic integration and international division of labour, i.e. trade. With these considerations in mind, the purpose of this work is to analyse the effects of EU RTAs on trade in goods.

  3. October 2019 | Publications | English

    The Fourth Industrial Revolution

    Changing trade as we know it

    In this report, the National Board of Trade describes the evolution of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). We identify new production trends and discuss how they will affect international trade.

  4. August 2019 | Publications | English

    TSD Handbook

    Implementation of the chapter on trade and sustainable development in the Trade Agreement between EU and Ecuador

    Recent trade agreements (TAs) negotiated by the EU systematically include provisions on trade and sustainable development (TSD) in the form of a separate chapter. 

    The main objective of this handbook is to facilitate the implementation of the chapter on trade and sustainable development of the TA between the EU and its Member States and Ecuador.

    The handbook provides step-by-step guidelines for implementation and provides some examples and best practices developed by the EU and its trade partners in the framework of previously implemented TAs.

    This handbook is part of the EU’s efforts to improve the implementation of the TSD chapters in EU trade agreements, as set out in the European Commission’s 15-point action plan for TSD implementation.

    This handbook is also available in Spanish: Manual de implementación del Título de Comercio yDesarrollo Sostenible (CDS) del Acuerdo Comercial entre la Unión Europea y Ecuador

  5. April 2019 | Publications | English

    Reforming compliance management in the Single Market – Discussion on a decentralised enforcement of EU law

    - Discussion on a decentralised enforcement of EU law

    The correct application of EU rules is paramount for the functioning of the Single Market. Yet, as discussed in our earlier report In quest of compliance,  the EU Member States do not fully comply with the Single market’s rules and principles. This, in turn, creates significant problems for citizens and companies and prevents the Single Market from fully delivering projected benefits. 

    In the present paper, the National Board of Trade discusses an ambitious decentralisation reform of the enforcement of EU law as a means to reduce the compliance deficit in the EU. 
    We explore the idea of setting up National Enforcement Agencies in each Member States. Entrusted with the task of investigating local infringements of the Single Market rules, these agencies would also have the possibility to bring cases before the national courts. This reform would enable to solve local compliance problems at the local level and also reassert the Member States’ ownership of the Single Market.

  6. March 2019 | Publications | English

    Sweden in the EU

    Summary

    This is a brief summary of the report Sverige i EU (Sweden in the EU). The full version is only available in Swedish.

    Sverige i EU (full report)

    In the report the National Board of Trade presents and comments a large amount of statistics on trade, investments, freedom of movement, economic growth and productivity. The aim is to illustrate how the Swedish economy has developed during the last decades, with a certain focus on the development after becoming member of the EU and part of the internal market.

    Sweden’s openness to the rest of the world, measured as the proportion of foreign trade in GDP, has more than doubled in the past 50 years.

  7. March 2019 | Publications | English

    Investment screening in four Nordic countries

    - an overview

    This is a paper about investment screening mechanisms in four Nordic countries. The paper serves as basis for a discussion on the topic of  'European origins – the EU Member States' Rules on Screening Foreign Investment' at the research conference 'A Common European Law on Investment Screening' in Gothenburg on 7–8 March 2019.

  8. November 2018 | Publications | English

    Free Trade Agreements and Countries Outside

    An analysis of market access for non-participating countries

    The number of Free-Trade Agreements (FTAs) continues to grow and increasingly set the rules for world trade. The effects of these agreements go beyond the contracting parties and also extend to third countries. This has often been seen as negative because trade diversion, caused by tariff preferences, distorts trade and discriminates against third countries.

    However, a specific FTA is not necessarily negative for a third country that is not party to the actual agreement. The long-term dynamic effects might serve to multilateralise FTAs and FTAs might also spur unilateral trade liberalisation. Notwithstanding any speculation about such effects, a lot of FTA provisions could benefit third countries in various ways. It is these potential benefits that are the focus of this study.

  9. October 2018 | Publications | English

    Open Trade Gate Sweden - Export to Sweden

    (English, Spanish, French, Portugese)

    Information brochure about Open Trade Gate Sweden, the one-stop information centre to facilitate your exports. In English, Spanish, French and Portugese.

  10. October 2018 | Publications | English

    The UK policy paper on the future relationship with the EU - an analysis of the proposals

    An analysis of the proposals

    In July 2018, the UK government published a policy paper with proposals for what the future relationship between the UK and the EU should look like. The policy paper should be seen as the UK’s opening bid for negotiations on the future relationship.

    The analysis covers those areas of the policy paper that fall within
    the scope of the National Board of Trade's area of expertise – the EU
    single market, international trade and trade policy.

    This is a summary in English of our more detailed analysis in Swedish of the proposals in the UK policy paper: Storbritanniens vitbok om den framtida relationen med EU - en analys av förslagen

  11. August 2018 | Publications | English

    Brexit and financial services

    Summary

    Brexit will affect Swedish financial services suppliers. Potentially, the up-coming negotiations on the future relationship between the EU and the United Kingdom (UK) can soften any potential negative impact. The aim of this report is to identify the trade model that best minimizes these negative effects. The findings are based only on trade concerns; other policy goals are not taken into account.

National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59

E-mail: kommersk...@kommers.se

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